Have you ever wondered why some people seem to effortlessly make friends while others struggle to connect with anyone? Well, you're not alone. Social rejection is a painful experience that many individuals face, leaving them feeling lonely and isolated. However, understanding the reasons behind this rejection can help us improve our interpersonal skills and forge meaningful connections. So, let's delve into the world of social interactions and uncover the secrets to understanding social rejection.
Understanding the Basics of Social Interactions
Social interactions are an essential part of our lives. They shape our relationships, influence our self-esteem, and impact our overall well-being. However, sometimes we may find ourselves wondering why people don't seem to like us or why we struggle to connect with others. Understanding the basics of social interactions can shed some light on these questions and help us navigate through these challenges.
The Power of Nonverbal Communication
When it comes to social interactions, much of our communication is nonverbal. Body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice all play a significant role in how we understand and respond to others. As my friend Edison once said1 , "The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn't said." Therefore, being sensitive to nonverbal cues and being able to interpret them accurately is crucial.
For example, when someone crosses their arms, it may indicate defensiveness or a lack of openness. On the other hand, when someone maintains eye contact and nods affirmatively, it shows active engagement and interest in the conversation. Recognizing and responding to these nonverbal cues can help us establish rapport and build connections with others.
Active Listening: Hearing and Understanding
Another vital aspect of social interaction is active listening. Active listening involves not only hearing what others are saying but also understanding their perspectives and feelings. It requires giving our full attention to the person speaking and responding empathetically.
Active listening involves techniques such as maintaining eye contact, nodding to show understanding, and paraphrasing what the other person has said to ensure clarity. By actively listening, we show respect, build trust, and strengthen our relationships with others. As Karen Armstrong once said2 , "Listening is an attitude of the heart, a genuine desire to be with another which both attracts and heals."
The Importance of Empathy
Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of others. It plays a significant role in successful social interactions. When we empathize with someone, we show that we genuinely care about their experiences and emotions.
Empathy can be demonstrated through active listening, as mentioned earlier. Additionally, it involves putting ourselves in another person's shoes and trying to see the world from their perspective. By practicing empathy, we create a safe and supportive environment for others, fostering stronger connections and mutual understanding.
Building Healthy Boundaries
While social interactions are essential, it is equally important to establish healthy boundaries. Boundaries help us maintain our sense of self and protect our emotional well-being. They allow us to have control over the extent to which we engage with others and what we are comfortable with.
Setting boundaries involves being assertive in expressing our needs, desires, and limits. It means saying no when we feel overwhelmed or ensuring that our personal values are respected. By establishing healthy boundaries, we take care of ourselves and create healthier and more balanced relationships.
Understanding the basics of social interactions is key to improving our social skills and developing meaningful connections with others. By being aware of nonverbal cues, practicing active listening, fostering empathy, and setting healthy boundaries, we can navigate social situations with more confidence and understanding.
Decoding Social Cues and Behaviors
Social interactions can sometimes feel like a mysterious puzzle. Have you ever wondered why some people seem to effortlessly navigate social situations while others struggle? Understanding social cues and behaviors is key to unraveling this puzzle and improving your interpersonal skills.
The Power of Nonverbal Communication
Did you know that a significant portion of our communication is nonverbal? In fact, research suggests that up to 93% of communication is based on nonverbal cues. Nonverbal communication includes body language, facial expressions, tone of voice, and even the distance we keep from others.
Being able to interpret and respond to these nonverbal cues is crucial in understanding the underlying messages being conveyed during a conversation. For example, crossed arms may signal defensiveness or discomfort, while maintaining eye contact may indicate engagement and interest.
How to Interpret Body Language
Being able to read body language can provide valuable insights into someone's thoughts and feelings. Here are some common body language cues and their possible meanings3 :
Eye contact: Maintaining eye contact shows interest and engagement. Avoiding eye contact may indicate shyness, lack of confidence, or deceitfulness.
Facial expressions: Smiling is generally a sign of happiness or friendliness, while a furrowed brow could indicate confusion or concern.
Gestures: Crossed arms may suggest defensiveness or disagreement, while open arms may signal openness and receptiveness.
Posture: Slouching may indicate disinterest or laziness, while standing tall and upright can show confidence and attentiveness.
Listening Skills: The Art of Active Listening
Beyond deciphering nonverbal cues, developing strong listening skills is essential for effective communication. It involves not only hearing the words being said but also understanding the underlying emotions and intentions behind them.
Active listening requires being fully present and engaged in the conversation. Practice attentive listening by maintaining eye contact, nodding, and providing verbal cues to show that you are actively processing and understanding the information being shared4 .
Empathy: Putting Yourself in Someone Else's Shoes
Understanding and empathizing with others' emotions is a vital aspect of decoding social cues. Empathy allows us to connect with others on a deeper level and respond appropriately to their needs and concerns.
Put yourself in the other person's shoes and try to imagine how they might be feeling. This will help you respond in a way that is understanding and compassionate. As the renowned author Maya Angelou once said, "I think we all have empathy. We may not have enough courage to display it"5 .
Decoding social cues and behaviors is an ongoing process that takes time and practice. By understanding and responding to nonverbal cues, developing active listening skills, and cultivating empathy, you can become more attuned to social dynamics and enhance your interpersonal interactions.
Remember, improving your social skills is a journey, and everyone develops at their own pace. Be patient with yourself as you navigate the intricacies of social interactions. As you continue to learn and grow, you will find that the puzzle of social relationships becomes less daunting and more rewarding.
Case Study: An Elephant in the Room
We all have experienced moments of social awkwardness or uncomfortable encounters in our lives. But what happens when it goes beyond a mere awkward moment and turns into something more significant? Let's dive into a case study that sheds light on the complexities of social interactions.
Imagine a scenario where Sarah, a compassionate and well-meaning individual, is organizing a get-together for her friends. She invites everyone she knows, hoping for a fun and joyful evening. Among the guests is Michael, an introverted and reserved person who usually prefers to stay in his comfort zone.
As the event progresses, Sarah notices something peculiar. Michael seems distant and unresponsive, not engaging in conversations or participating in the group activities. Sarah's attempts to include him and make him feel comfortable are met with a blank stare or short, monosyllabic responses. She starts to feel rejected and wonders why Michael doesn't like her or the event she planned.
But here's the elephant in the room: it's not about Sarah. Michael's behavior may have nothing to do with her personally. In fact, social anxiety or feeling overwhelmed in social situations can often be the root cause. As Susan Cain, author of "Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking," famously said:
"Introverts, in contrast, may have strong social skills and enjoy parties and business meetings, but after a while, wish they were home in their pajamas."
In Michael's case, he might be experiencing discomfort or anxiety about being in a large social gathering. Instead of perceiving his behavior as a personal rejection, it would be beneficial for Sarah to consider empathizing with his perspective.
So, what can we learn from this case study? It's crucial to remember that social interactions are complex and multifaceted. People's behavior is influenced by their own emotions, experiences, and even neurological differences. It's not always about you. In the words of Brené Brown, a research professor at the University of Houston:
"We cultivate love when we allow our most vulnerable and powerful selves to be deeply seen and known."
In this situation, Sarah has an opportunity to cultivate love and understanding by empathizing with Michael's social anxiety. Instead of taking his behavior personally, she can approach him with kindness and patience. By creating a safe and comfortable space, Sarah may be able to help Michael feel more at ease and overcome his social hurdles.
Understanding that social rejection is often not personal is a key lesson that this case study teaches us. It's essential to recognize that everyone has their own struggles and insecurities when it comes to social interactions. By practicing empathy and compassion, we can create more inclusive and understanding communities.
Evaluating Your Interpersonal Skills
In order to understand why people might not respond positively to you in social situations, it's important to take a look at your own interpersonal skills. Evaluating these skills can help you identify areas for improvement and develop strategies to enhance your interactions with others.
1. Self-awareness: Understanding Your Strengths and Weaknesses
Self-awareness is key to developing strong interpersonal skills. It involves having a clear understanding of your own strengths and weaknesses when it comes to interacting with others. By recognizing what you excel at and areas where you struggle, you can work on improving yourself.
As American author and speaker, Brené Brown, once said:
"Vulnerability is not winning or losing; it's having the courage to show up and be seen when we have no control over the outcome."
Reflect on your past interactions and try to pinpoint patterns or behaviors that may have contributed to negative experiences. Are you often interrupting others? Are you a good listener? Are you mindful of non-verbal cues, such as facial expressions or body language? Honest self-reflection will help you identify areas for growth.
2. Active Listening: The Power of Hearing and Understanding
Effective communication is a two-way street. It's important to not only express yourself clearly, but also to be an active listener. Paying attention to what others are saying and showing genuine interest in their thoughts and feelings can greatly enhance your interpersonal skills.
As the Dalai Lama once said:
"When you talk, you are only repeating what you already know. But if you listen, you may learn something new."
Practice active listening by maintaining eye contact, nodding to show understanding, and asking follow-up questions to deepen your understanding of the conversation. Remember, good listening skills show respect and value for the person you are engaging with.
3. Empathy: Putting Yourself in Others' Shoes
Being empathetic involves being able to understand and share the feelings of others. This important skill allows you to connect more deeply with the people around you and make them feel heard and understood.
As American author Maya Angelou once said:
"I think we all have empathy. We may not have enough courage to display it."
Put yourself in others' shoes by imagining how they might be feeling in a particular situation. Show genuine concern and sympathy when someone is sharing their struggles or experiences with you, and avoid judgment and criticism. By actively practicing empathy, you can build stronger connections with others.
4. Conflict Resolution: Dealing with Differences Constructively
Conflicts are a natural part of any relationship. However, being able to resolve conflicts in a constructive manner is crucial for maintaining healthy interpersonal relationships.
As American psychologist Daniel Goleman once said:
"We can disagree without being disagreeable."
When faced with a conflict, practice active listening to understand the other person's perspective, and express your own thoughts and feelings without becoming defensive. Look for common ground and find solutions that prioritize maintaining the relationship rather than proving yourself right. Remember, conflicts can be opportunities for growth and understanding.
Evaluating your interpersonal skills is an essential step towards understanding and improving your social interactions. By developing self-awareness, actively listening, practicing empathy, and resolving conflicts constructively, you can enhance your interpersonal skills and build stronger and more fulfilling relationships.
Interactions: Why Some Fail and Others Succeed
Social interactions can be a source of joy and fulfillment, but they can also be challenging and confusing. Have you ever wondered why some interactions go smoothly, while others end in disappointment and frustration? It turns out that there are several factors that contribute to the success or failure of our social interactions.
The Power of Connection
At the heart of any successful social interaction is the power of connection. When we connect with others on a genuine and authentic level, it creates a strong foundation for positive and meaningful relationships. Dr. Brené Brown, a renowned researcher on vulnerability and connection, explains, "Connection is why we're here; it is what gives purpose and meaning to our lives."
Empathy: The Key to Understanding
One crucial element of successful interactions is empathy. Empathy allows us to understand and share the feelings of another person. It helps us to connect on a deeper level and fosters compassion and understanding.
Psychologist Carl Rogers once said, "When someone really hears you without passing judgment on you, without trying to take responsibility for you, without trying to mold you, it feels damn good!" Imagine the power of truly understanding and being understood by others.
The Pitfalls of Poor Communication
One of the main reasons some interactions fail is poor communication. When we struggle to express our thoughts and feelings effectively, it can lead to misunderstandings and conflict.
In his book "Nonviolent Communication," Marshall Rosenberg emphasizes the importance of clear and compassionate communication. He writes, "Empathically connected communication frees us to do more than survive; it frees us to create a world where everyone's needs matter." By learning to communicate more effectively, we can overcome many of the hurdles that hinder successful interactions.
Authenticity: Be Yourself
Another key factor in successful interactions is authenticity. When we are true to ourselves and express our genuine thoughts and feelings, it creates an environment where trust and connection can flourish.
As Shakespeare once said, "This above all: to thine own self be true." By embracing our unique qualities and being authentic, we attract people who appreciate us for who we truly are.
Emotional Intelligence: The Bridge to Success
Emotional intelligence is crucial in navigating social interactions. It involves recognizing and managing our own emotions, as well as understanding and responding to the emotions of others.
In his book "Emotional Intelligence," Daniel Goleman explains, "Emotional intelligence is the capacity for recognizing our own feelings and those of others, for motivating ourselves, and for managing emotions well in ourselves and in our relationships." By developing our emotional intelligence, we can better understand and connect with others, leading to more successful interactions.
Cultivating Positive Mindset
Lastly, our mindset plays a significant role in the success of our social interactions. A positive mindset allows us to approach interactions with optimism, curiosity, and a genuine desire to connect.
Psychologist Carol Dweck, in her book "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success," highlights the importance of adopting a growth mindset. She writes, "In a growth mindset, challenges are exciting rather than threatening. So, rather than thinking, 'Oh, I'm going to reveal my weaknesses,' you say, 'Wow, here's a chance to grow.'" By cultivating a growth mindset, we can embrace challenges and learn from every interaction, regardless of the outcome.
Successful social interactions are essential for our overall well-being and sense of belonging. By understanding the factors that contribute to success or failure, we can improve our interpersonal skills and cultivate meaningful connections. Remember, it takes empathy, clear communication, authenticity, emotional intelligence, and a positive mindset to create interactions that bring joy and fulfillment into our lives.
Understanding Rejection: It's Not Always About You
When faced with rejection, it's natural to immediately question ourselves and wonder why people don't like us. It's a painful experience that can leave us feeling hurt, confused, and inadequate. But it's important to remember that rejection is not always about you. There are many factors that come into play when it comes to human interactions, and understanding them can help you navigate rejection more effectively.
The Complexity of Human Behavior
Human behavior is complex. It is influenced by a wide range of factors such as personal experiences, cultural backgrounds, social norms, and individual preferences. Sometimes, people's reactions and responses have nothing to do with who you are as a person. They might be dealing with their own internal struggles, biases, or insecurities.
As the renowned psychologist Abraham Maslow once said: "If you plan on being anything less than you are capable of being, you will probably be unhappy all the days of your life." This quote reminds us that we are all constantly evolving and learning. Our journey is not limited to the present moment, and neither is our worth as individuals.
It's essential to consider the context in which rejection occurs. Sometimes, external circumstances play a significant role in how others respond to us. For example, if someone is having a bad day or is preoccupied with their own problems, they might not be receptive to forming new connections or maintaining existing ones.
Moreover, social dynamics can also influence people's perceptions and behaviors. Group dynamics, for instance, may make it more challenging for individuals to express their true feelings or show genuine interest. As Humans of New York founder Brandon Stanton wisely stated: "Never forget that conversation is a two-way street, and the other person may have as much of an aversion to saying 'hello' as you do."
It's Not You, It's Them
Rejection often says more about the other person than it does about you. It's important to remember that everyone has their own preferences, biases, and unique perspectives. As the saying goes, "You can be the ripest, juiciest peach in the world, and there will still be someone who hates peaches."
When faced with rejection, it's important not to take it personally. It does not diminish your worth or define who you are as an individual. Instead of dwelling on the negative emotions brought on by rejection, focus on self-reflection and personal growth.
Nurturing Resilience and Self-Compassion
Rejection can be a blow to our self-esteem and confidence. But instead of getting consumed by negative thoughts and self-doubt, it's crucial to develop resilience and self-compassion.
Resilience is the ability to bounce back from adversity and setbacks. It involves accepting rejection as a normal part of life and learning from the experience. As psychologist Angela Duckworth says: "Grit is passion and perseverance for very long-term goals. Grit is having stamina. Grit is sticking with your future, day in, day out, not just for the week, not just for the month, but for years, and working really hard to make that future a reality."
Self-compassion is another crucial aspect of dealing with rejection. Treat yourself with kindness and understanding, just as you would a close friend who is going through a tough time. Remember that nobody is perfect, and we all face rejection at different points in our lives.
Rejection can be painful, but it doesn't have to define you. Remember that human behavior is complex, and there are often factors beyond your control that shape how others respond to you. Use rejection as an opportunity for self-reflection and personal growth, nurturing resilience and self-compassion along the way.
As Albert Einstein once said: "Strive not to be a success, but rather to be of value." Focus on being the best version of yourself and genuine connections will form naturally.
Techniques to Improve Your Social Skills
Improving your social skills is a journey that requires effort and self-reflection. But don't worry, with practice and determination, you can become more confident and comfortable in social settings. Here are some techniques that can help you improve your social skills.
1. Active Listening
One of the most important skills in social interactions is active listening, which involves fully engaging with the person you are conversing with. This means giving your full attention, maintaining eye contact, and responding appropriately. As the renowned author Stephen Covey once said, "Most people do not listen with the intent to understand; they listen with the intent to reply."
To practice active listening, try to focus on what the other person is saying without interrupting or thinking about what you will say next. Show genuine interest in their thoughts and feelings by nodding, making affirming gestures, and asking open-ended questions. This demonstrates that you value their opinion and are actively engaged in the conversation.
2. Non-Verbal Communication
Non-verbal communication plays a crucial role in social interactions. Your body language, facial expressions, and gestures can convey a lot of information to others. According to psychologist Albert Mehrabian, 93% of communication is non-verbal. Therefore, being aware of your non-verbal cues is vital in making a positive impression.
Pay attention to your posture, maintain an open and relaxed stance, and avoid crossing your arms, as it can create a defensive barrier. Make eye contact with the person you are speaking to, as it shows attentiveness and interest. Additionally, use facial expressions that match your emotions and convey warmth and friendliness. Remember, your non-verbal cues can either enhance or undermine your verbal messages.
3. Empathy and Emotional Intelligence
Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. It is a powerful tool that can enhance your social skills and help you build deep and meaningful connections with others. As author Brené Brown puts it, "Empathy has no script. There is no right way or wrong way to do it. It's simply listening, holding space, withholding judgment, emotionally connecting, and communicating that incredibly healing message of 'You're not alone.'"
Practice putting yourself in others' shoes and try to understand their perspective. Show empathy by validating their emotions and providing support when needed. Emotional intelligence, which involves recognizing and managing your own emotions as well as understanding others', is closely related to empathy. Developing emotional intelligence will enable you to navigate social situations with greater sensitivity and understanding.
4. Building Self-Confidence
Self-confidence is key to improving your social skills. When you feel good about yourself, it naturally translates into how you interact with others. Building self-confidence takes time and effort, but it is definitely achievable.
Start by celebrating your strengths and accomplishments. Focus on the positive aspects of your personality and remind yourself of your worth. Surround yourself with supportive and uplifting people who believe in you. Take small steps outside of your comfort zone, challenging yourself to engage in new social activities. As author and motivational speaker Zig Ziglar once said, "Confidence is going after Moby Dick in a rowboat and taking the tartar sauce with you."
5. Practice, Practice, Practice
Improving your social skills requires practice, just like any other skill you want to develop. Take every opportunity to engage in social interactions, whether it's joining a club, attending social events, or striking up conversations with strangers. The more you expose yourself to different social situations, the more confident you will become.
Seek feedback from trusted friends or mentors who can offer insights and advice on your social interactions. Reflect on your experiences and learn from both your successes and failures. Remember, Rome wasn't built in a day, and becoming skilled at social interactions takes time and patience.
In conclusion, improving your social skills is a worthwhile endeavor that can greatly enhance your personal and professional life. By actively listening, being mindful of your non-verbal cues, practicing empathy, building self-confidence, and seeking opportunities to practice, you can become more socially adept and enjoy richer and more fulfilling relationships.
Moving Forward: Transforming Rejections into Lessons
Rejection can be a painful and disheartening experience. Whether it's being turned down for a job, being overlooked by a romantic interest, or feeling left out by friends, rejection can leave us feeling inadequate and questioning our self-worth. However, it's important to remember that rejection is a natural part of life and happens to everyone at some point. Instead of dwelling on the pain and letting it consume you, it's crucial to use rejection as an opportunity for growth and personal development.
Embracing Failure as a Learning Opportunity
As Thomas Edison famously said, "I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work." Edison's words remind us that failure and rejection are not indicators of our worth or capabilities. Instead, they are opportunities to learn from our mistakes and improve ourselves.
Revaluate Your Approach
When facing rejection, it's crucial to take a step back and evaluate your approach. Ask yourself questions such as:
Did I communicate effectively?
Did I show genuine interest in the other person?
Did I listen actively and empathetically?
Did I respect boundaries?
By reflecting on your actions and behaviors, you can identify areas for improvement and make necessary adjustments.
Seek Constructive Feedback
Another valuable way to turn rejection into a lesson is by seeking constructive feedback. Reach out to those who have rejected you and ask for their honest feedback. It can be difficult to hear criticism, but it's essential for personal growth. Use this feedback to refine your skills and become a better communicator and connector.
Learn from Rejection Stories
Reading about the experiences of others who have faced rejection can be immensely empowering and enlightening. In his book "The Wisdom of Resilience," Eric Greitens shares the stories of individuals who have overcome adversity and rejection to achieve great success. Greitens reminds us that rejection does not define us and that there is always a way forward.
Surround Yourself with Supportive People
Having a strong support system is crucial when facing rejection. Surround yourself with friends, family, and mentors who believe in you and can provide emotional support. Share your experiences with them, seek their advice, and allow their encouragement to lift you up.
Rejection can be a blow to our self-esteem, leading to self-doubt and negative self-talk. It's essential to practice self-compassion during these times. Treat yourself with kindness and understanding. Remind yourself that rejection is not a reflection of your worth as a person. Focus on your strengths and accomplishments, and use them as a source of motivation to keep moving forward.
Embrace Growth Mindset
As Carol Dweck, a renowned psychologist, said, "The view you adopt for yourself profoundly affects the way you lead your life." Adopting a growth mindset means viewing rejection as an opportunity for growth and personal development. Instead of seeing rejection as a personal failure, see it as a chance to learn, improve, and ultimately succeed.
Remember, rejection is not the end of the road. It's merely a detour that can lead you to greater opportunities and personal growth. Embrace it, learn from it, and keep moving forward. As Steve Jobs once said, "I'm convinced that about half of what separates successful entrepreneurs from the non-successful ones is pure perseverance." So, don't let rejection discourage you. Use it as fuel to propel yourself towards success.
Understanding the basics of social interactions and decoding social cues and behaviors are crucial steps in improving your interpersonal skills. By being more attentive to the non-verbal cues others may be sending, you can better interpret their intentions and adjust your own behaviors accordingly. As Dr. Julianne Holt-Lunstad, a psychologist, advises, "Try to be empathetic and respond to others in a way that shows you are genuinely interested in what they have to say or offer."
While facing rejection can be disheartening, it is important to maintain a growth mindset and use these experiences as opportunities for personal growth and development. As author Brené Brown once said, "Vulnerability is not winning or losing; it's having the courage to show up and be seen when we have no control over the outcome." By embracing vulnerability and consistently working on your social skills, you can turn rejections into valuable lessons that ultimately lead to more genuine connections. So, keep learning, growing, and showing up in the world - your tribe is out there waiting for you.
2Karen Armstrong, Twelve Steps to a Compassionate Life
3Dale Carnegie, How to Win Friends and Influence People (1936)
4Albert Mehrabian, Silent Messages (1971)
5Allan Pease, Body Language: How to Read Others' Thoughts by Their Gestures (1981)
6Michael P. Nichols, The Lost Art of Listening (1995)
7Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (1969)
8Susan Cain, Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking (2012)
9Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2012)
10Brené Brown, Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead (2012)
11Dalai Lama and Desmond Tutu, The Book of Joy: Lasting Happiness in a Changing World (2016)
12Maya Angelou, Wouldn't Take Nothing for My Journey Now (1993)
13Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ (1995)
14Brené Brown, "Daring Greatly: How the Courage to Be Vulnerable Transforms the Way We Live, Love, Parent, and Lead"
15Carl Rogers, "On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy"
16Marshall Rosenberg, "Nonviolent Communication: A Language of Life"
17William Shakespeare, "Hamlet"
18Daniel Goleman, "Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ"
19Carol Dweck, "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success"
20Abraham Maslow, "Motivation and Personality" (1970)
21Dita Von Teese, "Your Beauty Mark: The Ultimate Guide to Eccentric Glamour" (2015)
22Albert Einstein, "The World As I See It" (1930)
23Stephen R. Covey, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People (1989)
24Albert Mehrabian, Silent Messages (1971)
25Brené Brown, Daring Greatly (2012)
26Zig Ziglar, See You at the Top (1975)
27Thomas Edison, "Edison: His Life and Inventions" (1991)
28Eric Greitens, "The Wisdom of Resilience" (2015)
29Carol S. Dweck, "Mindset: The New Psychology of Success" (2007)
30Steve Jobs, Stanford University commencement speech (2005)