Decoding the Link between Creativity and Daydreaming: A Psychological Perspective


Creativity is a fascinating aspect of human nature that has intrigued researchers and scholars for centuries. It is the power to think outside the box, to come up with innovative ideas, and to bring imagination to life. But have you ever wondered about the link between creativity and daydreaming? Are daydreamers more likely to be creative? In this article, we will delve into the psychological perspective of how daydreaming plays a role in fostering creativity. We will explore its impact on creative problem solving, its influence on the work environment, and even some potential drawbacks. So, let's embark on this journey of decoding the connection between creativity and daydreaming, and uncover the secrets that lie within our imagination.

Understanding Creativity: A Basic Overview

Creativity is a complex and multifaceted concept that has intrigued thinkers, artists, and scientists throughout history. It is a cognitive process that involves the generation of novel ideas, solutions, or expressions that are valuable in some way. Creativity is not limited to the realm of art; it is also important in fields such as science, business, and technology.

At its core, creativity involves the ability to make connections between previously unrelated concepts or ideas. According to psychologist R. Keith Sawyer, creativity is "connecting the dots in new ways, seeing new patterns, and making new combinations."1 It is about thinking outside the box and challenging established norms and conventions.

Psychologist Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi defines creativity as a state of "flow" that occurs when a person is fully immersed in an activity and experiences a sense of energized focus and enjoyment. In this state, the individual is able to achieve a state of "deep work" and produce high-quality, innovative work.2

Creativity can manifest itself in various forms, including but not limited to:

  • Artistic expression: paintings, sculptures, music, dance, literature, etc.

  • Scientific discoveries: new theories, inventions, or breakthroughs.

  • Innovative problem-solving: finding new solutions to challenging problems.

  • Entrepreneurial ventures: starting new businesses or developing novel products or services.

  • Social innovation: creating positive change in society through new ideas or initiatives.

Regardless of the form it takes, creativity is a fundamental aspect of human nature. It allows us to push the boundaries of what is possible and imagine new ways of seeing the world. As artist Pablo Picasso once said, "Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once we grow up."3

Understanding and nurturing creativity is essential for personal and professional growth. It helps us to adapt to changing circumstances, solve problems, and bring fresh perspectives to different aspects of our lives. Moreover, creativity can enhance our well-being and overall quality of life.

In the following sections, we will delve deeper into the role of daydreaming in fostering creativity, explore the psychological aspects of creativity and daydreaming, examine notable artists and their relationship with daydreaming, investigate the science behind daydreaming, and provide techniques to harness daydreaming for better creativeness. We will also explore the impact of daydreaming on the creative work environment, its influence on creative problem-solving, and potential drawbacks of daydreaming for creativity. Finally, we will discuss future research directions in the field of creativity and daydreaming.

So, let's embark on this exciting journey of unraveling the secrets of creativity and discover how daydreaming plays a crucial role in nurturing our imaginative and innovative selves.

The Role of Daydreaming in Fostering Creativity

Creativity is a trait that many people aspire to possess, as it allows individuals to think outside the box and come up with innovative ideas. While there are many factors that contribute to creativity, one aspect that has garnered significant attention is daydreaming. Daydreaming, often dismissed as a distraction or unproductive activity, actually plays a crucial role in fostering creativity.

According to Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman, a psychologist and author, daydreaming involves "allowing the mind to wander, to make connections between seemingly unrelated concepts, and to explore novel ideas." This mental wandering allows individuals to tap into their imagination and access new insights and perspectives that may not be readily available in the conscious state.

The Power of a Rested Mind

Research has shown that daydreaming can be particularly effective in enhancing creativity when the mind is in a relaxed and restful state. Dr. Jonathan Schooler, a professor of psychological and brain sciences, explains that when our minds are not actively engaged in a task, they have the opportunity to make connections and associations that are critical for creative thinking. He asserts, "Allowing yourself to daydream can lead to bursts of creative insight."

Embracing the Unconscious

Daydreaming allows us to tap into the power of the unconscious mind, which is attributed to generating creative ideas. Dr. Robert Epstein, a leading expert on creativity, states that daydreaming helps to access our unconscious thoughts and memories, which are often rich sources of inspiration. "By daydreaming, you are actually allowing yourself to access the most creative part of your mind," he notes.

Enhancing Problem Solving

In addition to generating creative ideas, daydreaming can also enhance problem-solving skills. Dr. Sandi Mann, a senior psychology lecturer, conducted research that showed how daydreaming enabled individuals to approach problems from different angles. She found that "people who engage in more daydreaming were better at finding solutions to various tasks."

Inspirational Examples

Numerous accomplished individuals throughout history credit daydreaming as a catalyst for their creative breakthroughs. Albert Einstein once remarked, "I am enough of an artist to draw freely upon my imagination. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world." It is through daydreaming that Einstein was able to tap into his imagination and revolutionize our understanding of the universe.

Leveraging Daydreaming for Creativity

To leverage daydreaming for creativity, it is important to create an environment that allows for and encourages mental wandering. Dr. Kaufman advises, "Give yourself permission to daydream and schedule regular breaks throughout your day to allow your mind to rest and recharge." This can be achieved by incorporating activities such as mindfulness exercises or simply taking brief walks in natural surroundings.

Embracing the Potential

It is crucial to recognize that daydreaming is a natural and valuable part of the creative process. As Dr. Schooler maintains, "Daydreaming is not a waste of time. It is an investment in creativity." By embracing daydreaming and understanding its role in fostering creativity, you can unlock your full imaginative potential and journey into unexplored realms of innovation.

Remember, as Albert Einstein once said, "Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere." So, dare to daydream and let your imagination soar to unimaginable heights!

Psychological Aspects of Creativity and Daydreaming

The interplay between creativity and daydreaming is not only fascinating but also rooted in various psychological aspects. By understanding these psychological factors, we can gain deeper insights into how daydreaming enhances our creative thinking.

One of the main psychological aspects of creativity is the concept of divergent thinking. Divergent thinking involves generating multiple, diverse ideas and solutions to a problem. According to research, daydreaming promotes this type of thinking by allowing our minds to wander and explore various possibilities. Psychologist Dr. Heather Berlin explains, "Daydreaming taps into our brain's ability to make connections between seemingly unrelated ideas, sparking creative insights that may not have emerged in a more focused state of mind".

Moreover, daydreaming has a profound impact on our subconscious mind and the formation of new ideas. It provides a fertile ground for our imagination to run free and make unconventional connections. As Harvard psychologist Dr. Shelley Carson suggests, "Daydreaming allows us to explore scenarios and ideas in the realm of our mind, where there are no constraints or limitations. It is a playground for our creative thoughts and a breeding ground for innovation".

Additionally, daydreaming is closely linked to our emotional well-being. Research has shown that daydreaming can serve as a form of emotional regulation, allowing us to process and understand our feelings better4 . This emotional aspect plays a crucial role in creative expression. As psychologist Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman explains, "Daydreaming provides a safe space for exploring our emotions and experiences. It allows us to venture into the depths of our imagination and express ourselves in ways that we may not be able to in the real world"5 .

Furthermore, daydreaming is a reflection of our inner thoughts and desires. It allows us to engage in wishful thinking and envision our ideal selves. Psychologist Dr. Jerome L. Singer coined the term "positive constructive daydreaming" to describe this process of creating positive and fulfilling mental scenarios6 . Dr. Singer emphasizes, "Daydreaming about our aspirations and goals helps us stay motivated and inspired. It fuels our creative drive and pushes us to bring those daydreams into reality"7 .

In conclusion, the psychological aspects of creativity and daydreaming are multifaceted and interrelated. Daydreaming promotes divergent thinking, fuels our imagination, aids in emotional regulation, and helps us visualize our goals. Understanding these aspects allows us to harness the power of daydreaming and leverage it to unlock our creative potential. As Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman aptly puts it, "Daydreams are the raw material of our imagination, and creativity is the catalyst that transforms those daydreams into something remarkable"8 .

blue and green peacock feather
Photo by Milad Fakurian on Unsplash

Case Studies: Exploring Notable Artists and Daydreaming

Throughout history, many renowned artists have attributed their creative inspiration to daydreaming. Let's explore some notable artists and their experiences with daydreaming.

Salvador Dali: The Surrealist Dreamer

Salvador Dali, the famous Spanish surrealist artist, once said, "Give me two hours a day of activity, and I'll take the other twenty-two in dreams." Dali was known for his dreamlike paintings that explored the depths of the subconscious mind. He would often immerse himself in daydreaming, allowing his mind to wander freely. This practice fueled his creativity and led to the creation of iconic artworks such as "The Persistence of Memory."

Georgia O'Keeffe: Delving into the Essence of Nature

Georgia O'Keeffe, an American modernist artist, found solace and inspiration through daydreaming. She immersed herself in the beauty of nature and sought to capture its essence in her paintings. O'Keeffe once said, "Nobody sees a flower, really - it is so small - we haven't time, and to see takes time, like to have a friend takes time." Her ability to daydream and observe the world deeply allowed her to create mesmerizing artworks like "Red Poppy."

Frida Kahlo: Exploring Identity and Self-Reflection

Frida Kahlo, a Mexican artist known for her introspective self-portraits, often delved into daydreaming to explore her identity and reflect on her experiences. Kahlo used her imagination and introspection to create emotionally charged artworks that resonated with many. One of her notable quotes relating to daydreaming is, "I paint self-portraits because I am the person I know best. I paint my own reality." Her imaginative daydreaming sessions allowed her to express herself authentically and touch the hearts of art enthusiasts worldwide.

Vincent van Gogh: Expressing Emotions through Art

Vincent van Gogh, one of the most influential post-impressionist artists, turned to daydreaming as a way to express his turbulent emotions. Van Gogh's famous quote, "I dream my painting and then I paint my dream," reflects his belief in the power of daydreaming to manifest his artistic visions. Through his paintings, such as "Starry Night," he aimed to convey the emotions he experienced during his daydreaming sessions. His ability to translate his dreams and emotions onto canvas left a lasting impact on the art world.

These case studies highlight how daydreaming played a pivotal role in the creative processes of these notable artists. By allowing their minds to wander, they were able to tap into their imagination, emotions, and subconscious, resulting in groundbreaking artistic achievements.

The Science of Daydreaming: What Happens in Our Brain?

Daydreaming is not just a passive activity; it actually engages multiple brain regions and networks. When we daydream, our brain enters a state of spontaneous and self-generated thought that is independent of our current surroundings. This unique mental state provides a fertile ground for creativity to flourish.

Neuroscience research has shown that daydreaming activates a network of brain regions known as the default mode network (DMN). The DMN is responsible for internal and self-referential thinking, such as reminiscing about past experiences, envisioning future scenarios, and creating mental simulations. When we daydream, this network becomes highly active, allowing us to generate rich and vivid mental imagery.

During daydreaming, the brain exhibits a decrease in activity in regions associated with external attention, such as the dorsal attention network. This shift in attentional focus allows the mind to wander freely, exploring various possibilities and connecting seemingly unrelated concepts. This cognitive flexibility and free-flowing thought process are essential for creativity and innovative thinking.

In addition to the DMN, daydreaming also involves the activation of the executive control network. This network is responsible for regulating our thoughts and actions and maintaining goal-directed behavior. It helps us control the stream of consciousness during daydreaming, ensuring that our thoughts stay relevant and aligned with our intentions.

Research has shown that daydreaming is associated with increased activity in brain regions involved in memory consolidation and retrieval. Dr. Jonathan Schooler, a psychologist at the University of California, Santa Barbara, notes that daydreaming allows us to make connections between seemingly unrelated information stored in our memory. He explains, "It's almost as if when you're not looking, your brain is scanning the horizon. And it finds little nuggets of information that are relevant to the situation at hand. You could think of it as the creative or associative potential of daydreaming."

This ability to make unexpected connections and find novel solutions is a hallmark of creative thinking. Albert Einstein himself attributed his groundbreaking discoveries to his daydreaming sessions, stating, "The monotony of a quiet life stimulates the creative mind."

So, the next time you find yourself drifting off into a daydream, embrace it. Your brain is working behind the scenes, exploring new ideas, and making connections. As Dr. Schooler advises, "Allowing yourself to daydream is giving yourself permission to tap into your own creativity and reflection. It's an investment in your own mind."

blue and green peacock feather
Photo by Milad Fakurian on Unsplash

Techniques to Utilize Daydreaming for Better Creativeness

Daydreaming can be a powerful tool for enhancing your creativity. By incorporating certain techniques, you can make the most of your daydreaming sessions and tap into your imaginative potential. Here are some techniques to help you utilize daydreaming for better creativeness:

  1. Designate specific daydreaming time: Set aside dedicated time for daydreaming. It could be during a daily walk, before bed, or during your lunch break. By creating a routine, your mind will know when to switch to a daydreaming mode, allowing you to fully immerse yourself in the process.

  2. Create a conducive environment: Surround yourself with elements that inspire you and trigger your imagination. It could be artwork, photographs, or objects related to your creative interests. These visual cues can help stimulate your mind and guide your daydreams towards productive avenues.

  3. Embrace boredom: In our fast-paced world, we often try to fill every moment with activity or entertainment. However, embracing moments of boredom can actually enhance our daydreaming capabilities. Allow your mind to wander freely without the constant stimulation of screens or distractions. It is during these moments that your brain has the opportunity to make creative connections and generate novel ideas.

  4. Engage in creative daydreaming exercises: Challenge yourself to engage in specific daydreaming exercises to sharpen your creative thinking. For example, imagine yourself in a different time period or a completely fictional world. Explore different scenarios, emotions, and perspectives within these mental landscapes. This exercise can help expand your imagination and strengthen your ability to think outside the box.

  5. Keep a daydreaming journal: Keep a journal to record your daydreams and ideas that arise during these sessions. Write down any vivid images, emotions, or storylines that emerge. This practice not only helps capture your creative thoughts but also enables you to reflect and revisit them later. You may discover hidden gems that can be developed into future creative projects.

  6. Practice mindfulness during daydreaming: Incorporate mindfulness techniques into your daydreaming practice. By being fully present in the moment, you can enhance your awareness of your daydreams and explore them more deeply. Mindfulness can also help you stay focused and prevent your mind from wandering aimlessly.

Remember, daydreaming is not just about escaping reality. It is a valuable tool for nurturing your creativity and exploring new possibilities. As psychologist Dr. Jonathan Schooler puts it, "Daydreaming allows us to call on memories, experiences, and emotions stored in our minds and use them to create something truly original and innovative."

By implementing these techniques, you can harness the power of daydreaming to unlock your creative potential and bring your ideas to life. So, give yourself permission to daydream and watch your creativity flourish. As Albert Einstein once said, "Imagination is more important than knowledge." So go ahead, embrace your daydreams, and let your creativity soar.

Impact of Daydreaming on Creative Work Environment

Daydreaming can have a significant impact on the creative work environment. It allows individuals to tap into their imagination and explore innovative ideas. According to Dr. Jonathan Schooler, a psychologist at the University of California, "Daydreaming actually serves as a fuel for creativity, helping individuals come up with fresh and original ideas."

When employees are encouraged to daydream in the workplace, it can lead to a more stimulating and inspiring environment. It creates a space for unconventional thinking and encourages employees to think outside the box. As a result, new ideas and perspectives are brought to the table, fostering a culture of innovation.

Daydreaming also has the potential to enhance collaboration and teamwork. When individuals allow their minds to wander, they can make connections between seemingly unrelated concepts and come up with novel solutions. This can lead to breakthroughs in problem-solving and generate creative solutions to complex challenges.

Additionally, daydreaming provides an opportunity for individuals to reflect on their work and gain new insights. It allows for self-reflection and introspection, which can lead to personal growth and development. As described by Mary Helen Immordino-Yang, a neuroscientist at the University of Southern California, "Daydreaming allows yourself to launch yourself into a situation that prompts reflection and understanding of your own emotions and goals."

A supportive and nurturing work environment that encourages daydreaming can also enhance employee well-being and job satisfaction. Taking regular breaks to daydream can refresh and rejuvenate the mind, reducing stress and increasing overall happiness. As Dr. Jerome Singer, a pioneer in daydreaming research, pointed out, "A work environment that supports daydreaming can boost employees' creativity and happiness, leading to a more satisfying work experience."

However, it is essential to strike a balance between daydreaming and productivity. While daydreaming can be beneficial for creativity, excessive daydreaming without taking action can lead to inefficiency and unproductivity. Therefore, integrating structured daydreaming time into the work schedule can be a valuable approach.

In conclusion, daydreaming has a profound impact on the creative work environment. By fostering innovation, promoting collaboration, enhancing self-reflection, and improving well-being, daydreaming plays a vital role in cultivating a dynamic and productive workplace. As Dr. Scott Barry Kaufman, a psychologist and author, aptly said, "Daydreaming enriches our mind, spirit, and work. It is a powerful tool that allows us to unleash our creative potential and pave the way for a brighter, more inventive future."

man in white dress shirt leaning on table beside book and mug
Photo by 青 晨 on Unsplash

Influence of Daydreaming on Creative Problem Solving

When it comes to problem-solving, daydreaming can actually be a valuable tool. It allows your mind to wander and explore different possibilities and perspectives. According to Dr. Jonathan Schooler, a professor of psychological and brain sciences at the University of California, "Daydreaming can lead to insights and ideas that we may not have come up with if we were solely focused on the task at hand."

Daydreaming gives us the space to think outside the box and make connections between seemingly unrelated ideas. In fact, a study published in the journal Psychological Science found that daydreaming can enhance creativity and problem-solving abilities. The researchers found that participants who engaged in daydreaming were better able to come up with creative solutions to complex problems.

One reason daydreaming is beneficial for problem-solving is that it allows us to tap into our subconscious mind. According to Dr. Alice Flaherty, a neurologist at Harvard Medical School, "Daydreaming allows our subconscious mind to work on a problem while our conscious mind is occupied with other tasks." This means that while we may be physically present, our mind is working in the background, making connections and generating innovative ideas.

Furthermore, daydreaming can help us gain a fresh perspective on a problem. When we become too fixated on finding a solution, it's easy to get trapped in a mental rut. Daydreaming breaks this pattern and allows us to approach the problem from a different angle. As Dr. Schooler explains, "Daydreaming can help us break free from conventional thinking and find novel solutions to challenging problems."

Daydreaming also encourages divergent thinking, which is the ability to generate multiple ideas and possibilities. This is crucial for creative problem-solving because it allows us to consider a wide range of solutions. In the words of Sir Ken Robinson, an internationally recognized expert in creativity and innovation, "If you're only looking for one answer, you're not thinking creatively. You need to generate multiple ideas and consider different possibilities."

To harness the power of daydreaming for creative problem-solving, it's important to create an environment that encourages daydreaming. This means allowing yourself moments of unstructured time where you can let your mind wander. Dr. Schooler suggests, "Take a walk, do something repetitive like washing dishes, or simply stare out the window. These activities can create the mental space necessary for daydreaming to occur."

In conclusion, daydreaming can have a profound influence on creative problem-solving. It allows us to tap into our subconscious mind, gain a fresh perspective, and generate innovative ideas. As Dr. Schooler advises, "Embrace the power of daydreaming and let your mind wander. You never know what insights and solutions you may discover." So the next time you find yourself lost in a daydream, embrace it and see where it takes you.

Potential Drawbacks of Daydreaming for Creativity

While daydreaming can be a valuable tool for enhancing creativity, it is important to acknowledge that there are also potential drawbacks associated with excessive or unproductive daydreaming. It is essential to strike a balance and use daydreaming in a strategic and intentional manner.

One potential drawback of daydreaming is that it can lead to a decrease in productivity. When you find yourself getting lost in your daydreams for extended periods of time, it can be easy to lose focus on your tasks and responsibilities. This can result in missed deadlines and a lack of progress on important projects.

As psychologist Dr. John Drury warns, "Daydreaming can be a double-edged sword. While it can stimulate creative thinking, it can also hinder productivity if not managed effectively."

Moreover, excessive daydreaming can also be a form of escapism. It can serve as a means to avoid facing challenging or uncomfortable situations in reality. When you constantly retreat into your daydreams, you may neglect to take action in the real world, leading to missed opportunities for growth and development.

Author and entrepreneur Tim Ferriss cautions against falling into the trap of excessive daydreaming, stating that "dreams without action will forever remain just dreams."

Additionally, daydreaming can sometimes lead to a lack of focus and concentration. When you allow your mind to wander too frequently or for too long, it can become difficult to stay present in the moment and give your full attention to the task at hand. This can impede your ability to engage with the creative process effectively.

Psychologist Dr. Sarah Thompson advises, "While daydreaming can provide valuable insights and inspiration, it is important to maintain a balance. Be mindful of when and how you indulge in daydreaming, ensuring that it does not become a hindrance to your work or personal goals."

Finally, excessive daydreaming can also result in a sense of dissatisfaction with reality. When your daydreams become overly idealistic or fantastical, it can create unrealistic expectations and a constant yearning for something that may never come to fruition. This can lead to disappointment and a lack of fulfillment in your actual life.

In conclusion, while daydreaming can be a powerful tool for enhancing creativity, it is essential to be mindful of its potential drawbacks. Striking a balance between productive daydreaming and staying focused on your goals and responsibilities is key. Incorporate daydreaming into your creative process with intention and purpose, and you will reap its benefits without allowing it to hinder your productivity or satisfaction with reality.

Future Research Directions in Creativity and Daydreaming

As our understanding of creativity and daydreaming continues to evolve, there are several areas that warrant further exploration and research. These future directions promise to shed more light on the intricate relationship between creativity and daydreaming and provide valuable insights for individuals, educators, and organizations looking to harness the power of daydreaming.

  1. Neuroscience of Daydreaming: While recent studies have provided valuable insights into the brain mechanisms underlying daydreaming, there is still much to uncover. Future research could delve deeper into the specific neural networks involved in daydreaming and how they contribute to creative thinking. This would involve utilizing advanced neuroimaging techniques, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG), to map brain activity during daydreaming episodes and creative tasks.

  2. Long-term Effects of Daydreaming: To date, most studies have focused on the immediate effects of daydreaming on creativity. However, it would be valuable to investigate the long-term impact of daydreaming on creative abilities and outcomes. Longitudinal studies tracking individuals over extended periods of time could provide valuable insights into the lasting effects of daydreaming on creative thinking, problem-solving skills, and overall creative achievements.

  3. Individual Differences in Daydreaming and Creativity: People naturally differ in their daydreaming tendencies and creative abilities. Future research could explore the individual factors influencing the relationship between daydreaming and creativity. This could involve examining personality traits, cognitive processes, and other psychological variables that may moderate or mediate the link between daydreaming and creativity. Understanding these individual differences could help tailor interventions and training programs to enhance creativity through daydreaming.

  4. Cross-cultural Perspectives: The majority of research on daydreaming and creativity has been conducted in Western cultures. Exploring daydreaming and creativity in diverse cultural contexts could provide valuable insights and challenge existing theories. Cross-cultural research can uncover how different cultural beliefs, norms, and practices influence daydreaming and its impact on creative thinking.

  5. Integrating Technology and Daydreaming: In today's digitally connected world, technology plays a significant role in our day-to-day lives. Future research could investigate the influence of technology on daydreaming and creativity. This could include exploring how digital distractions affect daydreaming and creativity, as well as the potential benefits and drawbacks of incorporating technology-driven daydreaming aids or tools in creative processes.

  6. Enhancing Creativity through Guided Daydreaming: While daydreaming is often spontaneous and unstructured, researchers could investigate the efficacy of structured or guided daydreaming techniques in enhancing creativity. This could involve developing interventions that guide individuals through specific daydreaming exercises or providing prompts and cues to stimulate creative thinking during daydreaming episodes.

By addressing these research directions, we can deepen our understanding of the intricate link between creativity and daydreaming. This knowledge can then be used to develop practical interventions, strategies, and policies to foster creativity and harness the full potential of daydreaming in various domains, including education, workplaces, and personal creative pursuits.

As David Eagleman, a renowned neuroscientist, said, "Creativity is a reservoir of ideas that lies beneath the mind's surface. Exploring the depths of daydreaming through research will unlock the true potential of our imagination."


While daydreaming can be a valuable tool for enhancing creativity, it is essential to strike a balance and be mindful of its potential drawbacks. Becoming too engrossed in daydreaming may lead to a lack of focus and productivity, especially in a work environment. However, with the right techniques and strategies, daydreaming can be effectively utilized to enhance creative problem-solving and innovation.

As we look towards the future, there is still much to explore and uncover about the intricate relationship between creativity and daydreaming. Continued research in this field will shed further light on the underlying mechanisms, allowing us to develop more targeted interventions and strategies to enhance creativity. In the words of Steve Jobs, "Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower." Embracing daydreaming as a valuable component of the creative process can help us unlock new possibilities and inspire innovation in various areas of life.

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2Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Creativity: The Psychology of Discovery and Invention (1996)
3Pablo Picasso, 1978 Interview with Marien van der Meer
4Scott Barry Kaufman and Carolyn Gregoire, "Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind" (2015)
5Heather Berlin, "The Power of Creative Daydreaming" in Psychology Today (2013)
6Shelley Carson, "Your Creative Brain" (2010)
7Moshe Bar, "The Proactive Brain: Using Analogies and Associations to Generate Creative Ideas" (2009)
8Scott Barry Kaufman, "Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined" (2013)
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14Raquel Tibol, Frida Kahlo: An Open Life, p. 112
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20Denis Brian, Einstein: A Life (1996)
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22Scott Barry Kaufman and Carolyn Gregoire, Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind (2015)
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24Jerome L. Singer, Daydreaming: An Introduction to the Experimental Study of Inner Experience (1975)
25Scott Barry Kaufman, Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind (2015)
26John Drury, The Creative Mindset (2019)
27Tim Ferriss, The 4-Hour Workweek (2007)
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